Decades ago, human resource management was defined ‘As all those activities associated with the management of the employment relationship in a firm. This definition has been argued to be very broad, which does not highlight the distinctive features, practices and controversies surrounding human resource management.
Human Resources in recent times is defined as ‘A philosophy of people management based on the belief that human resources are uniquely important in sustained business success. An organization gains competitive advantage by using its people effectively, drawing on their expertise and ingenuity to meet clearly defined objectives. HRM is aimed at recruiting capable, flexible and committed people, managing and rewarding their performance and developing key competencies.